Tuesday, April 16, 2024

Shiva-Shakti Star Groups: The oldest star groups in the 'Shiva-Shakti' galaxy; Information from research leader









Leader Online Desk: The oldest cluster of stars in the Milky Way has been discovered by a research team at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany). Study co-author Khyati Malhan named the two old galaxy structures 'Shakti' and 'Shiva'. Published research also suggests that both these galaxies (groups of stars) are 12-13 billion years old. News in this context 'Science News'is given by (Shiva-Shakti Star Groups)

According to research, astronomers have discovered two ancient streams of stars. These may be clusters of two stars during the formation of the Milky Way. These star clusters formed when the universe was formed from the Milky Way. These groups of stars in the galaxy are named after the Hindu deities 'Shakti' and 'Shiva'. (Shiva-Shakti Star Groups)

Both these galactic structures discovered by astronomers are about 12 billion years old. Scientists have also said that it could be a merger of two different galaxies. Research in this context has been published in 'The Astrophysical Journal'. (Shiva-Shakti Star Groups)

Shakti and Shiva represent the oldest galaxies

Shakti and Shiva represent early massive star clusters that may have formed around 12 giga years ago, the researchers noted in the study. A gigayear is one billion years. Study co-author Hans-Walter Rix of the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy said that Shakti and Shiva could be the first two members to join the galactic center, which may have helped form the larger galaxy.

Stars in older galaxies are less metallic

In the 'star cluster' study, the researchers also found that the Shakti and Shiva stars, which form two separate galaxies, are moving faster than the stars in the center of the galaxy. Also, all these stars have low metallicity, indicating that they were formed many years ago. He said that newly formed stars have more heavy metal elements.

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